I’m sure everyone at this point has read about the paradox of tolerance. It’s a pretty common sense argument and there are many historial examples that are often held up, one of the most popular being the rise of the Nazi party in the liberal democracy of the Weimar Republic.
A problem that I've see cropping up recently (first in online communities, but soon evolving to have offline consequences) is with the definition of intolerance—and the actions the self-proclaimed ‘defenders’ of tolerance take to guard it.
One example from a few years back was the Sinha-le stickers, and the Colombo liberal reaction to it. Without even considering the origins of the sticker campaign, or motivations of those who chose to brand their vehicles with said sticker, a counter-campaign was launched to take photographs, identify owners of the vehicles, and basically notify their employees (with the ultimate intention of getting them fired, of course). Now, the obvious moral issues of doxxing aside, this was one of the first instances I observed the troubling phenomenon of online vigilantism, and what later came to be known as cancel culture.
Now, many years later, cancel culture seems to be here to stay. It has led to a situation which I’ve only experienced previously due to the looming threat of violence from a repressive surveillance state: self-censorship. Netizens, people who used to risk their necks to speak out against injustice being perpetrated by nation states, were now treating certain subjects as off-limits, lest they be branded “-phobes” and cancelled. It is truly an unexpected low-intensity reign of terror, and unlike state actors where there might be some legal recourse/FR petition/habeas corpus/international pressure to give you at least an iota of relief, in this case mobs accountable to no one and run by shadowy teenagers seem to mete out justice after kangaroo trials. It sort of feels like the JVP days are here again.
So, what’s a society to do to emerge out of this mess and reclaim our right to discourse and divergent viewpoints? I honestly don’t know, but remember that an insurgency can only survive as long as the wider populace supports it. For far too long we’ve allowed important online public spaces to be run by social media firms milking our emotions for ad revenue. They have, in turn, given us skewed elections, body image issues, FOMO, and free reign for online bullies. This fight is well and truly lost, unless we take back our spaces. We will need to demand that the firms for whom we create so much value give us—the community—the tools to curate, moderate, and monitor those spaces1. We will need tougher regulations while guaranteeing freedom of expression, a tough balancing act whenever governments (especially in our little corner of the world) get involved.
But, an even more pressing need will be for us as a society to come to terms with what is and isn’t intolerant speech. We will have to grow up and tolerate dissenting views, and not call for heads to roll whenever viewpoints that make us clutch our pearls come up on our feeds.
I used to believe technology could help alleviate societal problems, but I now realise that technology is merely a megaphone—the voice and the words that come out of it will ultimately always be your own.